A real life guide to Hasura migrations with Docker

Medium

How do we use Hasura migrations Docker image and setup migrations to be used in production ? This is a question I found asking myself ever so often when using Hasura in my development toolchain.

To start off with the positives:

Hasura is a great tool built battle ready, its exceptionally fast, super easy to setup and use. The development experience makes use of a database interface really easy for everyone alike - amateurs to advanced.

My issue with Hasura's migrations docs

Hasura all-in-all has great documentation, but their docs on using migrations with Docker is a little lacking. Docs on Docker migrations are here: https://hasura.io/docs/latest/migrations-metadata-seeds/auto-apply-migrations/

So here I manage to outline the whole process in one single flow:

Setup a project with Hasura in it

Get started on the database

Lets configure a development environment to use Hasura development.yml

version: '3'
    services:
        db:
            image: postgres:14-alpine
            ports:
              - 5433:5432
            volumes:
              - ./pgdata:/var/lib/postgresql/data
            environment:
              POSTGRES_USERNAME: abcd
              POSTGRES_PASSWORD: abcd

Lets just setup a basic database using postgres-alpine for our development

Adding Hasura to the mix

Hasura in development need not be added using Docker. Although the Docker image works the same way as the CLI console does but it cannot track database changes and create migration files. Install the Hasura CLI: https://hasura.io/docs/latest/hasura-cli/install-hasura-cli/

Easiest way to do it is

npm install --global hasura-cli@2.8.0

Start the Hasura Console

Create a new folder for Hasura config and migrations

mkdir hasura
cd hasura

Now start Hasura console

hasura console

Now edit the database

Now use the Hasura console started at http://localhost:8080 to make edits to the database.

# Your expected Postgres URL will be
POSTGRES_URL: postgres//abcd:abcd@localhost:5432/test

Add a few tables and create indexes You should see the migrations files with inside hasura/migrations/163677 there are two distinct files that are created. up.sql and down.sql these files are to apply and remove the migration.

Now lets deploy this to production using Docker

Hasura provides us with a special image that auto applies migrations. Here's the production.yml

version: '3'
services:
  db:
    image: postgres:14-alpine
    ports:
      - 5433:5432
    environment:
      POSTGRES_PASSWORD: ndhm

  hasura:
  # Note the special image witht he cli-migrations tag
    image: hasura/graphql-engine:v2.8.0.cli-migrations-v3
    ports:
      - 8080:8080
    depends_on:
      - db
    environment:
      HASURA_GRAPHQL_METADATA_DATABASE_URL: postgres://abcd:abcd@db:5432/postgres
      HASURA_GRAPHQL_DATABASE_URL: postgres://abcd:abcd@db:5432/test
      HASURA_GRAPHQL_DEV_MODE: 'true'
      HASURA_GRAPHQL_MIGRATIONS_DIR: /hasura-migrations
      HASURA_GRAPHQL_METADATA_DIR: /hasura-metadata
    restart: on-failure
    volumes:
      - ./hasura/migrations:/hasura-migrations
      - ./hasura/metadata:/hasura-metadata

We specify the location of migration files as an env variable. This will auto apply the migrations to the server and the linked database.

Thats it

And thats the simplest way to setup Hasura migrations from development to production

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Poorna's blog 2020-PRESENT. All the opinions on this blog are opinions only. I have no sponsors and I am not affliated with any platforms or ventures.